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How Many Chickens in a 4×4 Coop? (Explained)

Chickens love to enjoy the free space because they can run and play around. If you keep them in a cage, they will get sick and ruin their growth. In a word, you must arrange a suitable environment to raise the chicken organically.

You cannot just maintain a healthy diet for your chicken and expect to raise them in limited space. Therefore, your coop needs enough room to grow your chicken naturally.

How many chickens in a 4×4 coop?

4-to 5 chickens in a 4×4 coop will be the perfect number. You should never place more than five chickens in your 4*4 chicken coops. You can follow a rule of 3 square feet for every growing chicken. That means six would be the optimum number in that case. But 4-5 would be the best.

You can use a 4×4 coop for six small chickens and let them grow according to the mass role. But you cannot put six growing chickens or the adult one in that limited area. It will become a life threat for them. You can only expect to use your coop for 4-5 chickens.

You need to consider some factors before choosing the right number of chickens. First off, the chickens need to play during the daytime. And you must allow them to run and play outside the coop. Only then you can put 5-6 chickens in a 4×4 coop.

If you don’t have that space to let your chicken play in an open field, you need to keep only four chickens in your 4’×4′ coop. It will give your chicken enough space to move. This space will be more than enough for a growing chicken to become healthy and adult.

If you have a 4×8′ coop, you can keep 8-9 chickens. It will give you the best growth of your chicken since your chicken will have more space to grow naturally. Typically, people keep 8-10 chickens in a 4×8 feet chicken coop if they have open space.

They tend to let their chicken run and spend the entire day time on the field. It helps the chickens to have enough space to play and eat. Therefore, you can keep 10-12 chickens in your 4×8 feet coop. If you don’t have that space, you need to place eight chickens. 

It doesn’t have enough space to keep six chickens in your 4×4 feet coop. You should keep only 4-5 chickens to let them live happily. And the deciding factor would be your empty field which will decide if you can keep more than five chickens in your coop.

Is a 4×4 chicken coop big enough?

A 4×4 chicken coop is big enough to keep 5-6 chickens. But it’s not big enough if you have more than six medium-sized chickens. They will require more space to sleep and spend their nighttime without disturbing the others.

Mainly, the number of chickens and the size of the chickens will decide if your chicken coop is big enough or not. If your chicken is medium-sized, you can keep six chickens in a 4×4 chicken keep. But it will be big enough to hold five chickens.

In contrast, you can keep 6-8 chickens in a 4×4 chicken coop if your chickens are small. It will be big enough for your small chickens. They will get enough space to walk slowly and eat properly. You can also take care of them in that coop.

However, when you have adult chicken and don’t have enough open space, your 4×4 chicken coop will not be big enough. You need to use a minimum of 4×8 feet chicken coop to let them live freely and keep their natural growth.

How much space do you need for 6 chickens?

Less than 110 square feet is needed for 6 chickens. This estimation is done keeping in mind that they will roam outside and nighttime at their coop.

The coop should be made to have a minimum of 18 square feet and a run of 90 square feet. Chickens don’t need very large space as they are tiny in size.

The extra amount of space is given so that they don’t peck each other and get hurt. So the least amount of 110 square feet of space can allow you to keep six chickens.

Typically, six chickens should take a 4×4 feet coop, ideally if they are medium size. But if your 6 chickens are adults, you cannot keep them in a 4×4 feet chicken coop. They will need a 4× 8 feet coop to live; otherwise, their growth will be stopped, failing to eat and live happily.

4 factors that determine how many chicken can line in a 4×4 coop

You need to consider these four factors to determine how many chickens you can line in a 4×4 coop. Balancing, breeding, and nesting boxes should be your considerations. You may find more, but these are the primary factors you need to determine.


To keep your chickens in good health, you need to provide them with a clean environment. That means striking the ideal balance between available space and the ecosystem’s needs. Your flock will be able to flourish as a result of this.


The breed of chicken you intend to raise should also be considered in terms of space. Some dog breeds are more manageable in terms of space requirements due to their smaller size.

Nesting Box:

You are recommended to keep in mind the space necessary for the nesting box. Find out how big your chicken run needs to be, how many materials you’ll need, and how far your nesting box needs from your house.


When planning a coop, the most critical consideration is ensuring that it is the appropriate size for your flock. The size of each chicken and the breed you keep will determine the amount of space required for them.

How many nesting boxes do you need in a 4×4 coop?

2 nesting boxes are needed in a 4×4 coop. In a 4×4 coop, you can keep 5-8 chickens mostly. Some government websites may tell you to use 1 box for 7 hens.

Generally, people use 1 box for 3-4 hens. These boxes are not meant for chickens resting. These are given for laying eggs so that you don’t have to search for eggs.

As a result, fewer boxes are needed for all the chicken. The 4×4 coop doesn’t have a huge capacity. It can hold up to 5-8 maximum. So two nesting boxes will be perfect for a 4×4 coop.

Suppose you plan to raise more chickens and have a big coop; you will need to have more than the nesting box. They will fit your big coop and give sufficient room to grow more chickens together or separately.

How to set up a 4×4 chicken coop to raise chickens?

You can easily set up a 4×4 chicken coop to raise chickens by the following steps. These simple tips will lead you to set up and build a perfect coop for your growing chickens.

You may also use it for the small or child chickens and the adult chickens. Only the number will be different. You cannot keep too many chickens in your small coop. It must have enough space to keep your adult chickens, or you need to build a new coop.

Build Floor Frame:

Building the floor frame for the 4′ x 4′ chicken coop is the first thing to be done. Cut the joists from lumber measuring two by 4 inches.

Drill pilot holes through the joists that are 96 inches long, and then insert 3.5-inch screws into the components perpendicular to the joists. Install the joists at intervals of 24 inches on center, and check to see that the corners are square.

Adjust Posts:

Adjust the 4×4 posts so that they are flush with the chicken coop frame. First, check that all corners are square, and then clamp the posts to the floor frame.

Drill pilot holes and insert screws measuring three and a half inches in length to put everything together.

Construct Frame:

Construct the frame for the opposite and front and back wall for the sidewall using 2×2 lumber.


You should take care of the finishing touches, but that shouldn’t be your last priority. Putty made of wood should fill the holes, and sandpaper should be used to smooth the surface.

To prevent the wood and other components of the coop from rotting, apply several coats of paint structure.

Final Thoughts

You can keep 4-5 chickens in your 4×4 chicken coop. Mainly, the number of chickens will depend on their sizes. You can keep up to 6 chickens in your coop if they are medium-sized chickens. But, if they are adults, you cannot keep more than 4 chickens in your 4×4 chicken coop as per the role.